Prostate Mri An Approach Radiology Reference Article Radiopaedia

Prostate | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

May 22, 2022 . The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system and is the largest male accessory gland. It typically weighs between 20-40 grams with an average size of 3 x 4 x 2 cm. The prostate is comprised of 70% glandular tissue and 30% fibromuscular or stromal tissue 1-3 and provides ~30% of the volume of seminal fluid..

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Carpal tunnel syndrome | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Apr 13, 2022 . MRI. MRI has good-to-excellent sensitivity (84-100%) and specificity (85-94%) for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome when using cross-sectional area >15 mm 2 as a cut-off 12,13. MRI is especially well-suited for detecting masses, arthritic changes, and normal variants (e.g. bifid median nerve) 5. In carpal tunnel syndrome, MRI can demonstrate 4:.

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-1.

Abdomen (KUB view) | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Feb 18, 2022 . The kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB) radiograph is optimized for assessment of the urogenital system, and should not be confused with the AP supine abdomen view.However, in cases where the patient may have both gastrointestinal and urogenital abnormalities, all pathologies will still be reported..

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Epilepsy protocol (MRI) | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

May 02, 2022 . MRI is the imaging modality of choice for epilepsy investigation, especially 3 tesla MRI. Note: This article is intended to outline some general principles of protocol design. The specifics will vary depending on MRI hardware and software, radiologist's and referrer's preference, institutional protocols, patient factors (e.g. allergy) and time ....

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/epilepsy-protocol-mri.

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis | Radiology Reference Article ....

Jul 31, 2022 . MRI. MRI appearances mirror the heterogeneous nature of the mass with solid and cystic components surrounding a central staghorn calculus. As such, the signal is heterogeneous on all sequences. Treatment and prognosis. If xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis becomes established, no conservative or medical therapies exist..

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Breast implant rupture | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Oct 05, 2021 . Silicone does not freely extravasate. This makes it difficult to detect on clinical exam or mammography. Intracapsular rupture is best seen on MRI. Extracapsular rupture. An extracapsular rupture can lead to a change in the implant contour and may be detected on clinical examination or mammography..

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Cervical spine (lateral view) | Radiology Reference Article ....

Sep 19, 2021 . Cervical spine lateral view is a lateral projection of the cervical spine.. As technology advances, computed tomography (CT) has replaced this projection, yet there remain many institutions (especially in rural areas) where CT is not readily available..

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/cervical-spine-lateral-view.

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis | Radiology Reference Article ....

Apr 28, 2022 . MRI. In the acute stage, marrow edema results in an increased signal on T2-weighted sequences, e.g. STIR. Marrow edema is non-specific, and while it may indicate early bone changes in SUFE, there are numerous other causes, e.g. infection or a tumor..

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/slipped-upper-femoral-epiphysis.

Renal oncocytoma | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

Jun 21, 2022 . Epidemiology. Renal oncocytomas account for approximately 5% of resected primary adult epithelial renal neoplasms. They typically present in the 6 th to 7 th decades with a peak incidence at 55 years of age. There is 2:1 male predilection 1,2.Unfortunately, these demographics are similar to renal cell carcinoma.. Clinical presentation.

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/renal-oncocytoma.

Prostate MRI (an approach) | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Sep 18, 2021 . Prostate MRI has become an increasingly frequent examination faced in daily radiological practice and is mainly conducted for the detection, active surveillance and staging of prostate cancer.This approach is an example of how to create a radiological report of a prostate MRI (usually mpMRI) with consideration of different imaging features and relevant clinical data..

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/prostate-mri-an-approach?lang=us.

Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS).

Feb 18, 2022 . PI-RADS (Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System) is a structured reporting scheme for multiparametric prostate MRI in the evaluation of suspected prostate cancer in treatment naive prostate glands.This article reflects version 2.1 (v2.1), published in 2019 and developed by an internationally representative group involving the American College of ....

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/prostate-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-pi-rads-1?lang=us.

Magnetic susceptibility artifact | Radiology Reference Article ....

Jan 15, 2021 . Magnetic susceptibility artifacts (or just susceptibility artifacts) refer to a variety of MRI artifacts that share distortions or local signal change due to local magnetic field inhomogeneities from a variety of compounds.. They are especially encountered while imaging near metallic orthopedic hardware or dental work, and result from local magnetic field ....

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CT abdomen (summary) | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Oct 30, 2019 . This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists. CT abdomen is an increasingly common investigation that is used to help make diagnoses of a broad range of pathologies. A CT abdomen in its simplest form is a CT from diaphragm to symphysis pubis performed 60 seconds after pump-injection of iodinated contrast into a peripheral vein..

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/ct-abdomen-summary.

Lumbar spine series | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Sep 19, 2021 . The lumbar spine series is comprised of two standard projections along with a range of additional projections depending on clinical indications. The series is often utilized in the context of trauma, postoperative imaging and for chronic conditions such as ankylosing spondylosis.. Lumbar spine radiographs are one of the more commonly requested ....

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Acromioclavicular joint series | Radiology Reference Article ....

Sep 19, 2021 . The acromioclavicular (AC) joint radiographic series is used to evaluate the acromioclavicular joint and the distal clavicle.. Indications. AC radiographs are performed for a variety of indications including: shoulder trauma; direct blows to the shoulder region.

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Mature cystic ovarian teratoma | Radiology Reference Article ....

Jun 25, 2022 . URL of Article Ovarian dermoid cyst and mature cystic ovarian teratoma are terms often used interchangeably to refer to the most common ovarian neoplasm . These slow-growing tumors contain elements from multiple germ cell layers and can be assessed with ultrasound or ....

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Chest radiograph (pediatric) | Radiology Reference Article ....

Sep 19, 2021 . The chest radiograph is one of the most commonly requested radiographic examinations in the assessment of the pediatric patient.Depending on the patients' age, the difficulty of the examination will vary, often requiring a specialist trained radiographer familiar with a variety of distraction and immobilization techniques..

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/chest-radiograph-paediatric.

Ankle (lateral view) | Radiology Reference Article - Radiopaedia.

Sep 19, 2021 . The ankle lateral view is part of a three view ankle series; this projection is used to assess the distal tibia and fibula, talus, navicular, cuboid, the base of the 5th metatarsal and calcaneus. Indications This projection aids in evaluating f....

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/ankle-lateral-view-2.

Prostate cancer | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

May 16, 2022 . Transrectal ultrasound is also the modality of choice for directing brachytherapy seeds into the prostate gland. MRI. The primary indication for MRI of the prostate is in the evaluation of prostate cancer after an ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy has confirmed cancer in order to determine if there is extracapsular extension 1,2,4. Increasingly ....

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/prostate-cancer-3.

Scaphoid series | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

Jun 30, 2022 . The scaphoid series is comprised of a posteroanterior, oblique, lateral and angled posteroanterior projection.The series examines the carpal bones focused mainly on the scaphoid. It also examines the radiocarpal and distal radiocarpal joint along with the distal radius and ulna. Scaphoid fractures are often a result of FOOSH injuries and have a bad prognosis if missed, ....

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Hip series | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

Sep 19, 2021 . The hip series is comprised of an anteroposterior (AP) and lateral radiograph of the hip joint.The series is requested for a myriad of reasons from trauma to atraumatic hip pain. Indications. Hip radiographs are performed for a variety of indications including 1-3: . trauma.

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Meningioma | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

Apr 28, 2022 . Meningiomas are best imaged with MRI with contrast as this most accurately delineates the tumor, presence of intra- and trans-osseous extension and relationship to the underlying brain. CT, however, is useful if bony anatomy is required (e.g. at the base of skull), when patients cannot have MRI, and especially when the meningioma is entirely ....

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Hydrocele | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

May 10, 2022 . MRI. On MRI, signal characteristics of the hydroceles are. T1: low signal; T2: high signal; This represents the serous fluid of an uncomplicated hydrocele. Treatment and prognosis. In infants, most hydroceles (around 90%) resolve spontaneously, and they are thought to result from incomplete obliteration of the processus vaginalis 4. It is ....

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/hydrocele-2.