Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder Radiopaedia

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder - Radiopaedia.

Jun 15, 2021 . Neuromyelis optica (NMO) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) are closely related severe demyelinating diseases caused by an autoantibody to the aquaporin-4 water channel.The classic presentation of NMO is with the triad of optic neuritis, longitudinally extensive myelitis, and positive anti-AQP4 antibody, although a far wider range of ....

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Optic neuritis | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org.

Nov 18, 2021 . Epidemiology. In a study of 11 million people in the UK, optic neuritis (all causes) was found to have an incidence of 3.7 per 100 000 person-years. 69% of the cohort were female, with an average age of 35 years, and 92% were "white" 8. As typical optic neuritis is seen in the setting of multiple sclerosis (MS), most patients tend to be young adults, with a predominance ....

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Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine ... - Radiopaedia.

Aug 18, 2021 . Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is an uncommon and only recently described disorder characterized by infiltration of the brain by inflammatory cells. It has a predilection for the pons, with fairly characteristic curvilinear regions of enhancement best seen on MRI..

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Systemic lupus erythematosus (CNS manifestations) - Radiopaedia.

May 15, 2022 . myelopathy is an umbrella term for transverse myelitis, optic neuritis, and neuromyelitis optica (NMO), and is considered to be a rare feature of SLE 3-5; it is thought that the etiology is likely due to small vessel disease or vasculitis rather than demyelination 3-5.

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ON CALL NEURO.

the neurology on call guide. Abortive therapy: NSAIDs (e.g. Ibuprofen, Naproxen 250-500mg p.o. with PPI, Cambia 1 sachet p.o.), Tylenol, triptans, Mg can be taken with aura to try and reduce its duration and severity, Ubrogepant (CGRP antagonist) soon to be approved by FDA in Canada Acute therapy in the ED: normal saline 2-3L IV bolus (ensure no CHF), metoclopramide 10mg ....

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